Posts Tagged ‘electric motor’
Ever been on an electric scooter? Not the motorbike, but the one-person device, like a motor-powered kick scooter. Rental services that allow people to get around via electric scooter are quickly spreading across the states. From California to North Florida, people can rent an electric scooter and get from point A to point B. Well, with all the new alternative fuel technology, automakers were quick to ask, “Who could cash in on this first?” The Hyundai Motor Group was quick to answer the call. Building on a concept the automobile group presented at the 2017 Consumer Electronics Show, the Hyundai Motor Group reveals a personal electric scooter capable of a 20 km range.
Now, at first, it’s going to sound a little weird. This new model by the Hyundai Motor Group comes with rear-wheel drive, a highly-capable lithium battery, and stylish front and rear lights. Sounds like the description of an automobile, but it’s really just the one-person electric scooter, just upgraded. Increasing safety, the new 2019 model is able to shift from front-wheel drive to rear-wheel drive to keep the scooter stable by shifting weight to the rear when needed. In addition, engineers added suspension to the front wheel for a smoother ride on various surfaces.
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, also known as plug-in hybrids and PHEVs, are making a lot of headway in the auto industry. Two automakers found here at Miami Lakes Automall, Kia Motors and Mitsubishi Motors, are really getting into the plug-in hybrid segment. With both automakers making alternative fuel vehicles, especially Kia, and new models planned for the future (hybrid SUVs by Mitsubishi Motors and the Kia Telluride), we thought we’d take a look at all the two offer. Prior to 2018, Kia Motors only had one plug-in hybrid – the Optima PHEV. Now that the Kia Niro PHEV is a out, a plug-in hybrid crossover, let’s compare both plug-ins with the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV.
We already covered the Kia Niro PHEV and Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, so feel free to review it for a bite-size version of all we will be covering here.
All three vehicles being covered today have a plug-in hybrid system running the unit. Kia Motors has a name for its hybrid system, called a “Full Parallel Hybrid System” with the gasoline engine size as its prefix. For example, all 2018 Kia Niro Plug-in Hybrids are run by a 1.6L 4-cylinder engine and Full Parallel Hybrid System. One part of the powertrain is a 1.6-liter DOHC 4-cylinder engine, optimized via dual continuously variable valve timing (CVVT) and gasoline direct injection (GDI). The 1.6L engine generates 104 horsepower and 109 lb-ft of torque. The other part of the powertrain is an AC synchronous permanent magnet motor that generates 60 horsepower and 125 lb-ft of torque, powered by an 8.9 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery. When both parts of the powertrain work together, they can generate up to 139 horsepower and 195 lb-ft of torque.
A little while after Kia Motors released the Kia Niro, a hybrid crossover, they also started to tease the upcoming 2018 Kia Stonic and a plug-in hybrid variant of the Niro. There was no set release date, really very little talk about a Niro plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), so Kia Motors pulled a fast one when they released the 2018 Kia Niro PHEV over the holiday break. Now officially a part of the lineup, the Niro isn’t the only great crossover hybrid anymore.
The 2018 Kia Niro Plug-in Hybrid
Whenever a vehicle is called a plug-in hybrid, that means the vehicle can operate solely on gas from the internal combustion engine, an electric motor powered by a battery, or a combination of both. Because of that, the Niro PHEV has a larger battery than its counterpart, the Kia Niro. The Niro is equipped with a a 1.56 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery, whereas the Niro PHEV has an 8.9 kWh battery powering its motor. The internal combustion engine found in the Niro is the same engine in the Niro PHEV. Together, the engine and the motor produce 139 horsepower combined and 195 lb-ft of torque.
What makes the Kia Optima Plug-in Hybrid so great? Well, there’s a couple of things that make it stand out. For one, a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, also known as a PHEV, does more than the standard hybrid vehicle due to its rechargeable battery, and that gives it a real advantage when it comes to fuel economy, tax credits, and greenhouse gas emissions.
Engine and Fuel Economy
With only one trim, the Kia Optima PHEV is powered by a 2.0-liter I4 Full Parallel Hybrid system made up of a 2.0-liter DOHC engine, with gasoline direct injection (GDI) and continuously variable valve timing (CVVT) technology, and an electric motor powered by a 9.8 kWh lithium polymer battery. Together, the engine and hybrid generate 202 horsepower and 276 lb-ft of torque. The majority of that torque actually comes from the electric motor!
Because the Kia Optima PHEV has an electric motor powered by a battery, the Optima PHEV can be driven on pure electricity for up to 30 miles. So that means the vehicle can travel 30 miles with little-to-no tailpipe emissions and without using a single drop of gas. When using the battery and engine together in hybrid mode, the Optima PHEV has a fuel economy of 103 MPGe (miles per gallon equivalent) and it has a total driving range of 610 miles when the vehicle starts out with a fully charged battery and full tank of gas.
Crossovers and types of alternative fuel are the future of the automarket. CUVs not only offer safety and capability, but today they also offer convenience, entertainment, and fuel efficiency. With vehicles like the new 2018 Kia Niro, a hybrid that may also be available as a PHEV in the future, it seems that automakers are combining CUVs and alternative fuel technologies to create the perfect vehicle.
Kia has several hybrid and electric vehicles in the lineup – Kia Optima Hybrid, Kia Optima Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV), Kia Soul EV, and the all-new Kia Niro. The specs aren’t definite for the Niro PHEV, however it was debuted at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show, and many were given a glimpse of what it could be capable of. Let’s take a look at the Kia Optima PHEV and see if Kia really made a crossover PHEV that can match a sedan PHEV.
Kia Optima PHEV
The third variation of the Kia Optima, the Optima PHEV is powered by a 2.0-liter GDI engine and an electric motor that is powered by a 9.8 kWh lithium polymer battery. This is known as a full parallel hybrid system, and its combined battery and engine power produce 202 horsepower with an amazing fuel economy – 38 miles in the city, 43 miles on the highway. That’s just the beginning of its capabilities though.’
Kia has been coming out with a lot of new vehicles lately. This year we were treated to the debut of the Kia Stinger, and at SEMA, we got a glimpse of some autonomous vehicles Kia is developing. However, until autonomous vehicles become the norm, automakers need to focus on where the money is, and right now that’s crossovers, SUVs, and hybrids. No wonder Kia has four of their own, including the 2017 Kia Niro Hybrid Crossover.
SO, where did it all start? We’re thinking the Kia Optima Hybrid set the stage, a variation of the original Optima, followed by the Optima PHEV and Kia Soul EV – another variation of an original model. The 2017 Kia Niro is the most recent of the trend.
Kia Optima Hybrids
The 2017 Kia Optima Hybrid and PHEV are both variations of the original Kia Optima. They may look the same and share similar characteristics, but the powertrain is much different. Starting with the Kia Optima Hybrid, a 2.0-liter I4 Full Parallel Hybrid System runs things with a 2.0-liter GDI engine with CVVT and a 38 kW motor powered by a 1.76 kWh lithium polymer battery. It may not seem like much, but the engine designs GDI and CVVT completely change the game.
“GDI” stands for gasoline direct injection, a type of fuel injection system that injects highly pressurized fuel directly into the cylinders of an engine during the combustion cycle. Due to its resulting optimization of horsepower and fuel economy, it’s starting to replace other injection systems. “CVVT”, or Continuously Variable Valve Timing, like “CVT” transmission, can alter the timing of air intake and exhaust valve lift events to suit all speeds and conditions, without losing fuel or power. Together, this leads to a total output of 193-horsepower for the Kia Optima Hybrid, with a fuel economy of 39/46 mpg city/highway.
Unlike the Kia Optima Hybrid, that relies on regenerative braking to charge the battery (a process of transferring the power used to top a vehicle (braking) into a generator for the electric motor), the Kia Optima PHEV is a plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle. This means drivers can rely on regenerative braking or just charge the battery via an electrical outlet/charging station. With that comes the ability to drive on electricity-alone with zero emissions.
The Kia Optima PHEV is powered by a 156-hp 2.0-liter GDI engine and a 50 kW electric motor, powered by a 9.8 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery pack. The combined fuel economy currently sits at 40 mpg, and that’s when it is in hybrid mode. If running on electricity-alone, drivers can cover over 30 miles before needing power from the engine. It has three ways to charge the battery: regenerative braking, a Level 1 (120v) charger that receives a full charge in 9 hours, and a Level 2 (240v) charger for use at public station to charge up in less than 3 hours.
The Kia Optima has been steadily earning awards over the years and in 2016, the Kia Optima was ranked highest in vehicle appeal among midsize cars by J.D. Power, so for the 2017 model year, Kia expanded its lineup. New for 2017 are two new Kia Optima models, the Kia Optima Hybrid and the Kia Optima PHEV.
When a vehicle gets a hybrid version things tend to change, though most of it takes place under the hood. So what exactly is powering the three 2017 Kia Optima models – the 2017 Kia Optima, 2017 Kia Optima Hybrid, and 2017 Kia Optima PHEV?